There are 4 category of vehicles we’ll now look at in more detail:
- Full Hybrid
- Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (P-HEV)
- Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (E-REV)
- Pure Electric
Full Hybrid Vehicles
The Full Hybrid, among “regular” hybrids (not including the plug-in variety) are the most fuel efficient. They are the most thoroughly engineered solutions which offer petrol and diesel engines with small battery/motor which recovers wasted energy when braking. It also provides additional power on acceleration, engine downsizing and 1 -2 miles pure electric mode at low speeds (10mph).
You cannot plug this vehicle in.
Full hybrids are more efficient because they can automatically choose to operate in series mode, parallel mode, or all-electric mode.
Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (P-HEV)
P-HEV’s are purely plug in hybrid cars, most of which include the same technologies of a full hybrid, but they have an extra trick – a larger battery and an on board charger so they can be plugged in to the mains.
They can travel up to 30 miles in pure electric mode and travel at higher speeds than a full hybrid in electric mode (ie. 60mph +).
P-HEVs can reduce fuel costs dramatically because of the low cost of electricity relative to conventional fuel. Because they rely in whole or part on electric power, their fuel economy is measured differently than in conventional vehicles.
Pure Electric Vehicles
Exactly what it says on the tin. Pure electric vehicles only run on electricity and require charging from an external source. The vehicle must always have charge otherwise when the battery‘s charge is exhausted flat the vehicle will not run, hence there is a potential for range anxiety.
Pure Electric vehicles are best suited for lower mileage urban driving, where zero tailpipe emissions have maximum effect on reducing poor urban air quality.
Range is typically limited to 65 – 100 miles maximum per charge but the range a pure electric vehicle can travel is increasing, so pushing into extra urban drive cycles - Tesla 250 miles+
Examples of current Plug In cars available to quote
Pure Electric Vehicles
(Pre qualification required) - Nissan Leaf, Peugeot I-On, Citroen C-zero, Mitsubishi i-Miev, Renault Zoe, BMW i3, VW Golf e, VW e-UP, Ford Focus Electric, Smart ForTwo electric, TESLA Model S and Model X, Mercedes B Class EV, Kia Soul EV
Extended-Range Electric Vehicles (E-REV)
BMW i3 Range Extender
Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles (P-HEV)
Volvo V60, Plug-In Prius, Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV, BMW i8, VW Golf GTE, Mercedes C350e & S500, Audi E-Tron, BMW 330e and