Electric Vehicles & Sustainability
The Government response to poor air quality and climate change:
“This government wants to see new cars and vans delivering as many zero emission miles as possible, as fast as possible, starting today.”
- All new cars and vans to be effectively ZERO EMISSION, to include Petrol, Diesel and Hybrid vehicles
- At least 50%, and as many as 70%, of new car sales to be ultra-low emission
- Up to 40% of new van sales to be ultra-low emission
- PICG (Plug-In Car Grants)
- PIVG (Plug-In Van Grants)
- No VED (Exempt from "Expensive Car" Surcharge)
- 100% 1st Year Allowances WDA
- 0% BIK (2020/21) Company Car Tax
- Congestion Charge, CAZ & ULEZ exempt
- Fuel Duty & VAT
- Charging Grants (100% WDA)
What is an Electric Vehicle (EV)?
An Electric Vehicle (EV) is a vehicle that you can charge externally.
A Pure Electric Car (BEV) is a vehicle with the battery being the only power source.
Types of EV's:
- Renault ZOE, Nissan LEAF, Audi e-tron, Jaguar I-Pace, Vauxhall Corsa-e, Peugeot e-2008, KIA e-Niro, Hyundai KONA EV, Tesla Model 3, Volkswagen e-Golf, MG ZS EV, BMW i3, Mini Electric and Mercedes EQC.
Plug-In Hybrid (PHEV) is a vehicle with a battery and ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) with motor and/or engine providing drive.
Types of PHEV's:
- Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Toyota Prius Plug-In, BMW 330e, Mini Countryman, Hyundai Ioniq PHEV, Volvo XC90 T8, VW Gold GTE, VW Passat GTE PHEV, Mercedes A-Class EQ.
Range-extender (REX) or extended-range (E-REV) is an electric vehicle with battery and ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) with electric drive.
Types of REX/E-REV's:
- LEVC taxi and Transit Custom PHEV
Costs Per Mile for Electric Vehicle Types
• Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) – 3p
• Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) – 16p
• Hybrid – 11p
• Plug In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) – 7p
• Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Hydrogen – 17p
Electric Vehicle Charging Points
More chargers have been introduced in a number of locations in the last year:
- 11,120 more connectors
- 6,382 more devices
- 4,087 more locations
Faster and smarter charging
- Charging more than 50Kwh is coming. Which means you could allow for charging during your work and not just for a leisure trip.
- All new home charge points installed from July 2019 must be smart. Capable of balancing the load from the national grid.
Charging hubs with easier access
- Multiple charge points and the facility to wait comfortably. They already exist in Milton Keynes (M1 jct 13), Dundee & Jct 34 M6.1st rapid charging hub opened in Stratford London.
- Contactless payment systems, and increasing amount of charging options for those who can’t charge at home or at work.
Charging Connectors - Current connector types
ChargePoint side EV connector types
Slow & Fast Chargers – Alternating Current (AC) (Type 2 & 3-pin plug)
Typically used for top up charging at home, work and destinations, there is really only one kind of charge point socket, though some might occasionally use a traditional 3-pin plug as an emergency backup.
The socket is universal (can be thought of in a similar way to the USB socket for charging phones (i.e. the socket is the same for each, but the cable is specific to the car)
Find out more here.
Hybrid and Electric LCV's
The UK Government has announced a five-year derogation stating that:
- Drivers with a standard Category B licence will be able to drive AFCVs of up to 4.25 tonnes GVW, rather than the normal 3.5 tonnes GVW for a petrol or diesel commercial vehicle
- the law change came into effect July 2018 and will remain in place until at least 2023
- For the purposes of this guidance "an alternatively fuelled vehicle" means a motor vehicle powered by:
- Electricity, natural gas, biogas or hydrogen
- Hydrogen & electricity and liquefied petroleum gas
- Drivers wishing to take advantage of the new legislation must carry out a minimum of 5 hours of training on driving alternatively fuelled vehicles
- Training may only be provided by members of the only two government recognised training LGV training registers:
- National Register of LGV instructors
- The National Vocational Driving Instructors Register
Electric Vans to watch in 2020/2021
|Van name||Van type/size||Official driving range*|
|Renault Kangoo ZE 33||Small van||170 miles NEDC|
|Nissan e-NV200 40kWh||Small van||174 miles NEDC|
|Citroen Berlingo Electric (old)||Small van||106 miles NEDC |
|Peugeot Partner Electric (old)||Small van||106 miles NEDC|
|VWe-‐Caddy (cancelled for UK) ||Small van||160 miles NEDC|
|Citroen Berlingo electric (2021) ||Small van||To be confirmed|
|Peugeot e-Partner (2021) ||Small van||To be confirmed|
|Toyota Proace City electric (2021) ||Small van||To be confirmed|
|Vauxhall Combo‐e (2021) ||Small van||To be confirmed|
|Mercedes eVito (2019/2020) ||Medium van||93 miles NEDC|
|VW e-Transporter (2020) ||Medium van||134 miles (1 xbattery) / 250 miles (twin‐battery) NEDC|
|Maxus e Deliver 3 (2020)||Medium van||115-174 miles (depends on van and battery size) NEDC|
|Vauxhall Vivaro‐e electric (2020)||Medium van||124-186 miles (depends on battery size) WLTP|
|Citroen Dispatch electric (2020) ||Medium van||124‐186 miles (depends on battery size) WLTP|
|Peugeot e‐Expert (2020) ||Medium van||124‐186 miles (depends on battery size) WLTP|
|Toyota Proace electric (2020) ||Medium van||124‐186 miles (depends on battery size) WLTP|
|Sokon / DFSK EC35 (2020) ||Medium van||138 miles|
|Morris Commercial JE (2020) ||Medium van||200 miles (untested claim)|
|VW ID Buzz Cargo (2022) ||Medium van||To be confirmed|
|Renault Master ZE ||Large van ||120 miles NEDC|
|LDV EV80 ||Large van ||127 miles NEDC|
|Mercedes eSprinter (2020) ||Large van ||71-93 miles (depending on battery packs)|
|VW e‐Crafter (2021)||Large van ||107 miles NEDC|
|MAN eTGE (2021) ||Large van ||107 miles NEDC|
|Ford Transit electric (2021) ||Large van ||To be confirmed|
|Iveco Daily Electric ||Large van ||Varies with number of battery packs|
|Citroen Relay electric (2020) ||Large van ||99‐140 miles|
|Peugeot e-Boxer (2020) ||Large van ||99‐140 miles|
|Fiat Ducato Electric (2020) ||Large van ||136-223 miles|
|Maxus e Deliver 9 (2021) ||Large van ||To be confirmed|